Posts Tagged ‘Functions’

How to use scanf to read Strings with Spaces ?

June 10, 2009

I knew this for two years now, but it dint strike me before to put it up in the blog; don’t know why ?

Its easy and simple, I don’t think I need to explain. Only the syntax needs to be remembered.

scanf(” %[^\n]s”,a);

May be you get a question in your mind. What does ‘[^\n]’ do ? Does it set the delimiter to ‘\n’. Well, you on the right track. Yes, it does. Instead on ‘\n’, if you had put a ‘\t’ it would consider all words with spaces as string until you press a ‘Tab’. You can even have a  ‘  ‘(a space). The scanf can be expanded as

scanf(” %[^ ]s”,a);  // Note – There is a space after ^

The only differece between scanf(” %s”,a) and scanf(” %[^ ]s”,a) is that, when you enter a string with two words, the former considers each word as a new string whereas the latter consider only the first word as a string and the other word is ignored.

As a Example, consider the string “Hello World“, the former reads “Hello” and “World” as two strings (if you had called ‘scanf’ twice) and the latter reads only the first word “Hello” (even if you had called ‘scanf’ twice) ! Go ahead and experiment with other delimiters !! 😀

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